Google and Amazon are investing over 10 billion yearly in R&D in AI technologies and infrastructures, more than governments. What are the social ethical economic implication of artificial intelligence when the main investment happens from companies happened outside of Europe? From the European policymaker perspective, we must take care because sometimes the business model is unfair, asymmetrical and unequal for citizens and majority of the time citizens don’t really know what is happening with their data.
We need alternatives for the common good that use the potential of technologies & AI to build a better future and an economic model that we can control and represent benefits for most of the population.
We do have a big opportunity with the GDPR, the Data Protection Regulation. We should create new rules against market dominance of tech companies and revising our antitrust regulation. We should have a much more ambitious and structural and intervention to the question of data ownership and who is going to own artificial intelligence services that are going to be built with that data.
Barcelona City Hall has an ambitious plan, that uses data and technology for the common good. They use technology to make government more transparent, participatory and collaborative. The city has also appointed a chief data officer and a chief privacy officer so we’re trying to implement and test the GDPR to make it compliant by default.
Here are some examples of the platforms developed by the Barcelona City Hall:
Sentilo is the sensor platform of Barcelona. It allows to manage lots of public services using data to monitor energy, noise, water metering. There is also a Lab that smaller companies can use to test new solutions such as garbage collection, parking spots, etc.
CITYOS, The City OS initiative involves the creation of a technological platform, based on open technologies, that enable the city’s various projects to be securely and efficiently managed and operated. Barcelona has a hybrid model of online democracy and offline democracy where citizens can participate in shaping policies of the city, propose ideas and propose how to implement them. Decidim is the online tool allows city residents to make proposals for the Municipal Action Plan (PAM) for Barcelona and keep up-to-date with the debate on the programme for the next years.